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Business Layer Elements

Business elements are typically used in conjunction with strategy elements to model the business architecture of an organization or its parts.

Table of Business Layer Elements

Business Actor

A business actor represents a business entity that is capable of performing behavior.

Business Role

A business role represents the responsibility for performing specific behavior, to which an actor can be assigned, or the part an actor plays in a particular action or event.

Business Collaboration

A business collaboration represents an aggregate of two or more business internal active structure elements that work together to perform collective behavior.

Business Interface

A business interface represents a point of access where a business service is made available to the environment.

Business Process

A business process represents a sequence of business behaviors that achieves a specific result such as a defined set of products or business services.

Business Function

A business function represents a collection of business behaviors based on a chosen set of criteria (typically required business resources and/or competencies), closely aligned to an organization, but not necessarily explicitly governed by the organization.

Business Interaction

A business interaction represents a unit of collective business behavior performed by (a collaboration of) two or more business actors, business roles, or business collaborations.

Business Event

A business event represents an organizational state change.

Business Service

A business service represents explicitly defined behavior that a business role, business actor, or business collaboration exposes to its environment.

Business Object

A business object represents a concept used within a particular business domain.


A contract represents a formal or informal specification of an agreement between a provider and a consumer that specifies the rights and obligations associated with a product and establishes functional and non-functional parameters for interaction.


A representation represents a perceptible form of the information carried by a business object.


A product represents a coherent collection of services and/or passive structure elements, accompanied by a contract/set of agreements, which is offered as a whole to (internal or external) customers.