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Basic Viewpoints

The basic Viewpoints are a reference or starting point for architectural descriptions and for creating meaningful and useful models. They act as a catalyst for an architect, allowing that person to get some modeled content down, thus removing the 'canvas-fright' syndrome that tends to paralyze progress. They are useful in supporting peer reviews, fostering organizational standards and helping novice modelers or newcomers to a domain. The ArchiMate specification has included all the Viewpoints as examples and it is well to remember that they should be tailored to suit the stakeholders who will ultimately need to digest the material. The basic Viewpoints are primarily intended for the architecture community. Some Viewpoints are limited to a single layer while others can contain elements from multiple layers.

Table of Basic Viewpoints

This table lists the example Basic Viewpoints.



See also


Structure of the enterprise in terms of roles, departments, etc.

Organization Viewpoint

Application Structure

Shows the structure of a typical application in terms of its constituents.

Application Structure Viewpoint

Information Structure

Shows the structure of the information used in the enterprise.

Information Structure Viewpoint


Infrastructure and platforms underlying the enterprise’s information systems in terms of networks, devices, and system software.

Technology Viewpoint


Provides overview of architecture(s).

Layered Viewpoint


Physical environment and how this relates to IT infrastructure.

Physical Viewpoint


Shows the contents of products.

Product Viewpoint

Application Usage

Relates applications to their use in, for example, business processes.

Application Usage Viewpoint

Technology Usage

Shows how technology is used by applications.

Technology Usage Viewpoint

Business Process Cooperation

Shows the relationships between various business processes.

Business Process Cooperation Viewpoint

Application Cooperation

Shows application components and their mutual relationships.

Application Cooperation Viewpoint

Service Realization

Shows how services are realized by the requisite behavior.

Service Realization Viewpoint

Implementation and Deployment

Shows how applications are mapped onto the underlying technology.

Implementation and Deployment Viewpoint